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Medical Advice

The information provided on is for informational purposes only and is not to be construed as medical care or medical advice. It is not a replacement for medical care or advice given by one’s own physicians or trained medical personnel.



The text, graphics, design, and architecture of —except for any products that have been licensed from third parties—are the property of and may not be reproduced or distributed without prior written permission from The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, except insofar as those uses are described as educational fair use by the U.S. Copyright Office in Circular 21.1109. All content created by The College of Physicians of Philadelphia is protected by U.S. and international copyright and trademark laws. Visitors may not copy, publish, distribute, create derivative works of, or commercially exploit the content of these web pages, or use these web pages for any other purpose than personal and educational use except with specific permission from The College of Physicians of Philadelphia.


Limitation of Liability

All content, material, and links provided by is intended for information and guidance only. The College of Physicians of Philadelphia accepts no responsibility for any errors, omissions, or inaccuracies in the content, material, or links on this web site. Reference to organizations or persons included on , or any website to which it is linked, does not indicate an endorsement. The College of Physicians of Philadelphia takes no responsibility and accepts no liability for any loss or damage resulting from using this website and its content or any other site to which it is linked.